CHARA members Suzanne Cross, Kristen Dillon, and Melinda Davis, recently helped conduct and publish the results of the "Finding the Right FIT" research study. This was a collaborative study funded by the Knight Cancer Institute Community Partnership Program. Research was led by the Columbia Gorge Health council, CHARA, and the Oregon Rural Practice-based Research Network. The goal was to identify patient preferences in Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT) characteristics. These tests are given to patients to complete at home and can help to identify people with early stage colorectal cancer. In rural areas, home-based testing is an important screening tool as patients may have barriers to colonoscopy screening such as availability of services, transportation, and cost.
Patients participated in testing six different kits and evaluated them through questionnaires and focus groups. The kits tested are shown below. Preferred tests were those that only required one sample, used a probe and vial for collection, and had simple instructions with large text and colorful pictures. Patients also stated the benefit of getting verbal instructions from care team members. These results will help clinics and health care providers make informed decisions about which FIT to use based on features that are preferred by patients. This could help to increase the number of tests that are completed by patients and facilitate early detection of colorectal cancer.
Link to full text article: http://www.jabfm.org/content/30/5/632.full